Among the faithful, the schola cantorum or choir exercises its own liturgical function, ensuring that the parts proper to it, in keeping with the different types of chants, are properly carried out and fostering the active participation of the faithful through the singing. When in fact there is no choir, it is up to the cantor to lead the different chants, with the people taking part. The sacristan, who carefully arranges the liturgical books, the vestments, and other things necessary in the celebration of Mass.
The commentator, who provides the faithful, when appropriate, with brief explanations and commentaries with the purpose of introducing them to the celebration and preparing them to understand it better. In performing this function the commentator stands in an appropriate place facing the faithful, but not at the ambo. Those who take up the collection in the church. Those who, in some places, meet the faithful at the church entrance, lead them to appropriate places, and direct processions.
It is appropriate, at least in cathedrals and in larger churches, to have some competent minister, that is to say a master of ceremonies, to oversee the proper planning of sacred actions and their being carried out by the sacred ministers and the lay faithful with decorum, order, and devotion. The liturgical duties that are not proper to the priest or the deacon and are listed in nos.
One and the same priest celebrant must always exercise the presidential office in all of its parts, except for those parts which are proper to a Mass at which the Bishop is present cf. If there are several persons present who are able to exercise the same ministry, nothing forbids their distributing among themselves and performing different parts of the same ministry or duty. For example, one deacon may be assigned to take the sung parts, another to serve at the altar; if there are several readings, it is well to distribute them among a number of lectors.
The same applies for the other ministries. But it is not at all appropriate that several persons divide a single element of the celebration among themselves, e.
If only one minister is present at a Mass with a congregation, that minister may exercise several different duties. Among all who are involved with regard to the rites, pastoral aspects, and music there should be harmony and diligence in the effective preparation of each liturgical celebration in accord with the Missal and other liturgical books. This should take place under the direction of the rector of the church and after the consultation with the faithful about things that directly pertain to them.
The priest who presides at the celebration, however, always retains the right of arranging those things that are his own responsibility.
In the local Church, first place should certainly be given, because of its significance, to the Mass at which the Bishop presides, surrounded by his presbyterate, deacons, and lay ministers,  and in which the holy people of God participate fully and actively, for it is there that the preeminent expression of the Church is found. At a Mass celebrated by the Bishop or at which he presides without celebrating the Eucharist, the norms found in the Caeremoniale Episcoporum should be observed. Great importance should also be attached to a Mass celebrated with any community, but especially with the parish community, inasmuch as it represents the universal Church gathered at a given time and place.
This is particularly true in the communal Sunday celebration. Among those Masses celebrated by some communities, moreover, the conventual Mass, which is a part of the daily Office, or the community Mass, has a particular place. Although such Masses do not have a special form of celebration, it is nevertheless most proper that they be celebrated with singing, especially with the full participation of all members of the community, whether of religious or of canons.
In these Masses, therefore, individuals should exercise the office proper to the Order or ministry they have received. It is appropriate, therefore, that all the priests who are not bound to celebrate individually for the pastoral benefit of the faithful concelebrate at the conventual or community Mass in so far as it is possible. In addition, all priests belonging to the community who are obliged, as a matter of duty, to celebrate individually for the pastoral benefit of the faithful may also on the same day concelebrate at the conventual or community Mass.
Otherwise, they wear their proper choir dress or a surplice over a cassock. It is moreover appropriate, whenever possible, and especially on Sundays and holy days of obligation, that the celebration of this Mass take place with singing and with a suitable number of ministers. If a deacon is present at any celebration of Mass, he should exercise his office.
Furthermore, it is desirable that, as a rule, an acolyte, a lector, and a cantor should be there to assist the priest celebrant. In fact, the rite to be described below foresees a greater number of ministers. The altar is to be covered with at least one white cloth. In addition, on or next to the altar are to be placed candlesticks with lighted candles: at least two in any celebration, or even four or six, especially for a Sunday Mass or a holy day of obligation.
If the diocesan Bishop celebrates, then seven candles should be used. Also on or close to the altar, there is to be a cross with a figure of Christ crucified. The candles and the cross adorned with a figure of Christ crucified may also be carried in the Entrance Procession. On the altar itself may be placed the Book of the Gospels , distinct from the book of other readings, unless it is carried in the Entrance Procession.
On the credence table: the chalice, a corporal, a purificator, and, if appropriate, the pall; the paten and, if needed, ciboria; bread for the Communion of the priest who presides, the deacon, the ministers, and the people; cruets containing the wine and the water, unless all of these are presented by the faithful in procession at the Offertory; the vessel of water to be blessed, if the asperges occurs; the Communion-plate for the Communion of the faithful; and whatever is needed for the washing of hands.
It is a praiseworthy practice to cover the chalice with a veil, which may be either the color of the day or white. In the sacristy, the sacred vestments cf. For the priest: the alb, the stole, and the chasuble; For the deacon: the alb, the stole, and the dalmatic; the dalmatic may be omitted, however, either out of necessity or on account of a lesser degree of solemnity; For the other ministers: albs or other lawfully approved attire.
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When there is an Entrance Procession, the following are also to be prepared: the Book of the Gospels ; on Sundays and festive days, the thurible and the boat with incense, if incense is used; the cross to be carried in procession; and candlesticks with lighted candles. Once the people have gathered, the priest and ministers, clad in the sacred vestments, go in procession to the altar in this order: The thurifer carrying a thurible with burning incense, if incense is used; The ministers who carry lighted candles, and between them an acolyte or other minister with the cross; The acolytes and the other ministers; A lector, who may carry the Book of the Gospels though not the Lectionary , which should be slightly elevated; The priest who is to celebrate the Mass.
If incense is used, before the procession begins, the priest puts some in the thurible and blesses it with the Sign of the Cross without saying anything. During the procession to the altar, the Entrance chant takes place cf. The cross adorned with a figure of Christ crucified and perhaps carried in procession may be placed next to the altar to serve as the altar cross, in which case it ought to be the only cross used; otherwise it is put away in a dignified place. In addition, the candlesticks are placed on the altar or near it.
It is a praiseworthy practice that the Book of the Gospels be placed upon the altar. The priest goes up to the altar and venerates it with a kiss. Then, as the occasion suggests, he incenses the cross and the altar, walking around the latter. After doing these things, the priest goes to the chair. Once the Entrance chant is concluded, the priest and faithful, all standing, make the Sign of the Cross.
The people answer, Amen. Then, facing the people and extending his hands, the priest greets the people, using one of the formulas indicated. The priest himself or some other minister may also very briefly introduce the faithful to the Mass of the day.
The Act of Penitence follows. Afterwards, the Kyrie is sung or said, in keeping with the rubrics cf.
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For celebrations where it is prescribed, the Gloria is either sung or said cf. The priest then invites the people to pray, saying, with hands joined, Oremus Let us pray. All pray silently with the priest for a brief time. Then the priest, with hands extended, says the collect, at the end of which the people make the acclamation, Amen.
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After the collect, all sit. The priest may, very briefly, introduce the faithful to the Liturgy of the Word. Then the lector goes to the ambo and, from the Lectionary already placed there before Mass, proclaims the first reading, to which all listen. Then, as appropriate, a few moments of silence may be observed so that all may meditate on what they have heard.
Then the psalmist or even a lector proclaims the verses of the Psalm and the people sing or say the response as usual. If there is to be a second reading before the Gospel, the lector proclaims it from the ambo. All listen and at the end respond to the acclamation, as noted above no. Then, as appropriate, a few moments of silence may be observed. Afterwards, all rise, and the Alleluia or other chant is sung as required by the liturgical season cf.
During the singing of the Alleluia or other chant, if incense is used, the priest puts some into the thurible and blesses it. Then, with hands joined, he bows profoundly before the altar and quietly says , Munda cor meum Almighty God, cleanse my heart. If the Book of the Gospels is on the altar, the priest then takes it and goes to the ambo, carrying the Book of the Gospels slightly elevated and preceded by the lay ministers, who may carry the thurible and the candles.
Those present turn towards the ambo as a sign of special reverence to the Gospel of Christ. At the ambo, the priest opens the book and, with hands joined, says, Dominus vobiscum The Lord be with you , and the people respond, Et cum spiritu tuo And also with you.
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Then he says, Lectio sancti Evangelii A reading from the holy Gospel , making the sign of the cross with his thumb on the book and on his forehead, mouth, and breast, which everyone else does as well. The people say the acclamation, Gloria tibi, Domine Glory to you, Lord. The priest incenses the book, if incense is used cf. The priest kisses the book, saying quietly, Per evangelica dicta May the words of the Gospel. If no lector is present, the priest himself proclaims all the readings and the Psalm, standing at the ambo. If incense is used, remaining at the ambo he puts some into the thurible, blesses it, and, bowing profoundly, says, Munda cor meum Almighty God, cleanse my heart.
The priest, standing at the chair or at the ambo itself or, when appropriate, in another suitable place, gives the homily. When the homily is completed, a period of silence may be observed. The Creed is sung or recited by the priest together with the people cf. At the words et incarnatus est by the power of the Holy Spirit.
After the recitation of the Creed, the priest, standing at the chair with hands joined, by means of a brief introduction invites the faithful to participate in the Prayer of the Faithful. Then the cantor, the lector, or another person announces the intentions from the ambo or from some other suitable place while facing the people, who take their part by responding in supplication.